Grenada - Country and People

Picture of Grenadian Fishermen

Grenada

Grenada is located in the southern Caribbean north of Trinidad and Tobago and south of St. Vincent.


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You immediately know what Grenada's second name "Spice Island" means when you arrive. The smell of nutmeg, cinnamon, clove and other spices is everywhere. Grenada is a mountainous island with lush green vegetation. The island center is covered with rain forest. There are lakes, rivers and waterfalls. You have the choice of many remarkable places of interest like sugar mills, old rum distilleries, forts and more.


Grenada's capital, St. Georges, is known as the most picturesque city in the Caribbean. It's horseshoe-shaped harbour is surrounded by a pastel rainbow of dockside warehouses and the red-tiled roofs of traditional shops and homes.
This small nation consists of three islands: Grenada, Carriacou (pronounced Carry-a KOO), and Petite Martinique (pronounced Pitty Mar-ti-NEEK). Grenada is by far the largest of the three, with a width of twelve miles (18 km) and a length of twenty-one miles (34 km). Its 133 square miles are mountainous, volcanic terrain, reaching heights of over 2,756 feet atop Mount St.Catherine.

Grenada has long been a favourite port of call for yachtsmen, divers and vacationers and offers some of the best scuba diving in the Caribbean, with coral gardens, shipwrecks ( The Bianca C - Italian ) and an underwater volcano. Grenada's cuisine is a mixture of hot and spicy caribbean dishes and mouth watering seafood platters.

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Parishes of Grenada

Climate

Grenada's climate is sunny and tropical, with dry and rainy seasons. The dry season is between January and May, when there is little rainfall and the land is cooled by the northeast trade winds. The rainy season is from June to December when hot and humid conditions exist and heavy rain showers and isolated thundershowers frequently occur. Grenada lies on the edge of the hurricane belt and hurricane season normally runs from June to November. Average year round temperatures range from 75F to 85F (24C to 30C).The lowest temperatures occur between November and February.

People

Approximately 108,132 (est 2008) people inhabit Grenada, including the 6,521 inhabitants of Carriacou and Petite Martinique. The nations citizens are primarily of African, East-Indian and European descent, with the largest proportion of the population, approximately 75%, of African descent. Grenada is an English-speaking nation.

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Air Traffic controllers on duty at Maurice Bishop International Airport

Ports of Entry

Visitors can travel to Grenada by Air or Sea. International flights stop at Maurice Bishop International Airport in the south of the island, Six miles (11 km) from the capital city of St. George's. Facilities at the airport include a tourist office, public telephones, restaurant, duty free shops, gift shops and a first aid station.


The St. George's Cruise ship Terminal - Where all cruise ships dock up on their visits to Grenada. The terminal is a modern cruise ship facility with gift/souvenir shops, Internet cafe, restaurant, telephones, etc.

Currency

The official currency of Grenada is the Eastern Caribbean dollar (XCD). The Eastern Caribbean dollar is tied to the US dollar at an exchange rate of U.S. $1.00 = E.C. $2.65   - U.S., British and Canadian dollars are accepted everywhere on the island as legal tender and are easily exchanged at any commercial bank.


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Cruise Liners docked at St. George's.

Communications

Grenada has a local automatic telephone system which extends throughout the island, with connections to the outlying islands of Carriacou and Petit Martinique, and to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands, in the North to Trinidad in the South via submarine Fiber Optic Cable. There are satellite links to most other parts of the world. Cellular towers can be seen all over the island and Internet services ( Dial-up and ADSL ) are available in most parts of Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique. The international dialing code for Grenada is 1+473. The outgoing code is 011 followed by the relevant country code.


Electrical supply - Single phase 230 Volts 50 Cycles. Three phase 440 Volts available for commercial use.


For more information, visit the Grenada Board of Tourism website.

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